Gandalf is correct. In the early '80's, the Reagan administration was unilaterally responsible for shifting the ratio of military to civilian R&D from 50:50 to 75:25. This effectively gutted National Institutes of health and Centers for Disease Control budgets for new research/surveillance, particularly AIDS. The scientific rivalry that existed between Gallo and Montagnier was less important in delaying AIDS research than was the absence of sufficent scientists/research groups in the early stages. In this case, "throwing money" at the problem would have hastened development of effective therapies. Reagan was very sensitive to the Christian Right, who did want funding for this "gay" plague. The danger for us all is that George W. may well cut AIDS funding, since the Christian Right has not particularly changed its stance.